Painted with tempera on linen and showing various one emperors and two dignitaries, with floral and geometric borders.
The Miao are an ethnic group belonging to South China, and is recognized by the government of China as one of the 56 official ethnic groups.
Miao is a Chinese term and does not reflect the self-designations of the component groups of people, which include (with some variant spellings) Hmong, Hmu, Xong (Qo-Xiong), and A-Hmao.
The Miao live primarily in southern China's mountains, in the provinces of Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong and Hainan.
Some sub-groups of the Miao, most notably the Hmong people, have migrated out of China into Southeast Asia (Burma (Myanmar), northern Vietnam, Laos and Thailand). Following the communist takeover of Laos in 1975, a large group of Hmong refugees resettled in several Western nations, mainly in the United States, France, and Australia.
Yao ceremonial paintings
Central to the Yao religion is ceremonial paintings.
The Yao retain strong visual images of their Taoist pantheon through their possession of "god pictures" called mien fang.
At the summit of the Yao pantheon the fam t'sing, the "Three Pure Ones"(To Ta, Yen Si, and Leng Pu), are assisted by Nyut Hung, the Jade Emperor, and Seng Tsiu, "Master of the Saints".
Beneath these powerful figures are a series of lesser celestial beings, including various warrior gods, nature divinities, and the lords of hell. These icons, which are often finely painted, are regarded by the Yao quite literally as the abode of the gods.
The Mien Taoist tradition goes further and also requires a shaman to perform a ceremony that introduces the gods to the paintings.
Shamans then display the set of paintings in a certain order to play a part in ceremonies. At other times, they are rolled and stored up in a box hanging near the domestic altar. When a set of paintings is judged worn out, the owner may decide to replace it. A shaman will then perform a ceremony in which he politely invites the gods to depart from the paintings and “go visit somewhere else”. It is these de-consecrated paintings which are usually sold.
Framed behind glass, the frames modern
Early 20th century - C.1925
Very good condition
Please check pictures for global condition
Private collection of Antique dealer belgium
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- Republik Periode (1912 - 1949)
- Titel des Kunstwerks
- YAO ( Miao ) CEREMONIAL PAINTING
- Sehr guter Zustand, siehe Beschreibung
- 82×52×2.5 cm